Dangote Cement: Afro-Centric Investment Drive Pushes Performance, Support Dividend

The recurrent expansion of Dangote Cement’s manufacturing capacity in its plants based in Nigeria and across Africa to meet the increasing demand for its products continues to reflect in its top and bottom lines. This is despite the high cost associated with investment in capacity building to sustain future growth by increasing market share beyond the shores of Nigeria.

The company’s track record of strong earnings and share price has helped it to outperform the whole market in terms of relative price stability and as the most capitalised equity on the floor of the Nigerian Stock Exchange.

Its current share price can be considered cheap and attractive at 13.99 times of earnings as at the released date of the 2015 full year result. On the strength of its recent earnings report, DCP’s full year earnings per share stands at N10.86 per share, representing a 16 percent improvement over the 2014 earnings.

Our updates on Dangote Cement’s 2015 interim results were pointers to the actual full year numbers made available to the investing community on Tuesday, March 1, 2016, earlier than the release date of its 2014 figures.

As summarized in the table and chart below, Dangote Cement delivered a solid underlying full year result, with net income increasing by 25.56 percent to N491.73 billion. The year on year change in earnings per share was commensurate with net earnings and positive operating cash flow that indicates strong earnings power of the company.

The company’s numbers revealed improved performances, compared to the previous year, as the top and bottom line were up, despite the harsh business environment as seen in the high financing and operating cost which increased by 64.8 per cent and 32.2 percent respectively to N54.35 billion and   N86.05 billion.

Its capacity expansion and operations outside Nigeria has   started impacting on profitability, as shown in the numbers posted. Revenue stands tall over the corresponding period by 25.56 per cent from N391.64 billion in 2014 to N491.71 billion. Profit after tax growth for the period was slower at 16 percent to N181.32 billion, from N159.50 billion in 2014.

Its investment in capacity building and high cost of operation did not hamper its profit for the period as reduction in tax supported its earnings power. Net assets soared to N644.72 billion from N591.89 billion in 2014 representing a 9 percent growth. Its earnings per share for the period grew to N10.86 from N9.36 in 2014. The EPS for the full year is a replica of price at 13.99x, which we consider more attractive, especially considering the fact that it is lower than the 16.35x recorded in the corresponding periond of last year. The trailing book value for the period stood at N37.84 from N34.74 in 2014.  Profit margin of 36.87 percent is an indication that management’s cost cutting effort is yielding positive results as seen in its profitability level.

COY 2014 2015  
(N) (N) % Chg
Date Released March 26, 2015 March 1, 2016  
Price As At Released Date 152.60 148.83 -2.47
Turnover 391,639,000,000       491,725,000,000 25.56
Profit After Tax 159,501,000,000       181,323,000,000 16.02
Shareholders’ Fund           591,885,000,000       644,720,000,000 9.00
Earnings Per Share 9.36 10.86 16.02
PE Ratio 16.30 13.99 -14.17
Earnings Yield 6.13 7.15 16.65
Book Value 34.73 37.84 9.00
ROE (%) 26.95 28.12 4.34
Dividend Per Share 6.00 8.00 33.33
Profit Margin 40.73 36.87 -3.86
Year End Dec Dec  

  Source: Company Financial & Investdata Research 

Its strong influence on the market as the most capitalised stock singles it out. It may have gained the interest of the entire traders after it carried the market along with its trending pattern.

Please note that the N8 dividend reward stands relatively strong, when compared to the market price, which largely accounted for investors’ confidence and sentiments for the equity.


Technical View

Looking at the chart, price action of Dangote Cement has been trending down from its high of N250 to a lower low of N123.60 after trending sideways to resist a southward movement. It thereafter gave way at the double tops that brought the price low to where it formed a double bottom that were later supported by the impressive 2015 financials to the level of forming the current multiple tops that has now weakened the momentum.

In the last three months, the stock has also formed a cup and handle which is a bullish and reversal chart pattern.
Meanwhile, any position taking at the current market value should be for the medium and long term as the stock is still attractive.

DANGCEM closed below the upper band by 20.2%.  Bollinger Bands are 160.24% wider than normal. The large width of the bands suggest high volatility as compared to DANGCEM’s normal range. Therefore, the probability of volatility decreasing and prices entering a trading range has increased for the near-term. However, a short-term pull-back inside the bands is likely, as other indicators like RSI are currently  reading 66.31, CCI, SO and Money flow are signaling SELL.

Recommendation /Analyst Opinion

Having reported what we consider another impressive full year result under this harsh business environment and backed with its expansion drive to other Africa countries, the company is currently consolidating its position, while growing sales revenue with robust profitability.

We conclude that Dangote Cement remains in good shape. However, with the company currently trading at 13.99 times earnings and a dividend yield of 5.38 percent, there is value in the stock judging by its robust balance sheet, positive cash flow generation and strong brands. All of these provide positive fundamentals for the company.  The infrastructure gap to support agricultural development, manufacturing and housing by the government, especially with the rebuilding of Nigeria’s north east ravaged by the seven-old battle to dislodge the Boko Haram insurgents the company’s product would come handy. Besides, DangCem’s Chairman/Chief Executive, Alhaji Aliko Dangote is co-chair of the committee in charge of rebuilding the region. This anticipated demand for its products will drive market share and profitability in this dispensation.

We have recommended hold before now, but based on the foregoing, among others, we upgrade to BUY position for new entrants with long term investment goal.




Share Holding Structure
 Alhaji Aliko Dangote 0.17% 
 Other Nigerian Citizens & Ass. 99.83% 
Other Statistics
 Shares Outstanding (MN) 17,040,507,405
Opening Price (2015) N200
Closing Price (2015) N170
Closing Price as @ March,11 2016 N164
Date Listed 26TH October, 2010 
Year End  December 31st

Source: Company Financial & Investdata Research 

Five-Year Financial Analysis.

A look at the company’s scorecard for the five-year period, the increased capacity to satisfy Nigeria’s rising demand for cement, estate development and other infrastructure development have put an end to historical reliance on imports. Today, Nigeria has been turned into a net exporter of cement as reflected in the company’s increasing number of millions of metric tons produced per annum and earnings released.
The regular release of its financials in compliance with the post listing requirement makes DangCem’s corporate governance strong, such that investors can forecast and plan their investment.

Meanwhile, the sales revenue of the company for the period under review grew consistently from N235.91 billion a year after it was listed on the Nigeria stock exchange to N491.73 billion, an increase of 108.35 per cent. Also, its bottom line was up by 44.01 per cent to N181 billion from N125.91 billion in 2011 after it hit a profit level in excess of N200 billion in 2013.
The shareholder’s funds for the period was up by 117.94 per cent from N295.83 billion in 2011 to N644.72 billion.

In the last five years, the company has consistently rewarded shareholders with dividend, supported by improving numbers. Within the period under consideration, it had paid a total dividend of N25.25 per share, excluding the bonus of one new ordinary share for 10 given in 2011


  2011 2012 2013 2014 2015  
Date Released April 4,2012               April 22,2013 March 26, 2014 March 26, 2015 March1, 2016  
Price @ Released 103.00 116.50 230 151.00 148.34  
Turnover 235,914,000,000 298,454,068,000 386,177,220,000 391,687,060,000 491,725,000,000  
Profit After Tax 125,909,831,000 145,024,234,000 201,198,088,000 159,501,493,000 181,323,000,000  
Total Equity 295,827,810,000 404,536,401,000 550,093,270,000 591,885,155,000 644.720,000,000  
Dividend 1.25 3 7 6 8  
Bonus 1;10 Nil Nil          Nil NIL  


Estimated Performance Ratios

The company earnings power for the five-year period grew by 31.32 per cent to N10.86 from N8.13 in 2011, after the said earnings per share had recorded an all-time high of N12.99 in 2013, with the directors distributing a N7 dividend. The company had up and down trend in earnings for the period due to increased investment in its capacity building and harsh business environment.

The company recorded a Price Earnings Ratio of 13.99x in 2015, reducing investors waiting period from all time high of 17.71x in 2013 and 16.30x in 2014 respectively.  On the other hand, the said earnings per share was same as 7.32 per cent of its price at the released date.
The book value as at the last financial year was N37.84, the highest so far in the company’s existence as a quoted entity. This is however relatively low, compared to its market value. The growing net assets and robust retained earnings would further boost the company’s business to earn more and grow shareholders funds.
The estimated ratio also reveals that Dangote Cement’s profit margin for the period has consistently been above the benchmark internationally, ranging from 36.82 to 53.37 per cent. This is healthy and shows the commitment of management to reduce cost and in the process support profitability that would create value for its shareholders.

On the strength of the figures posted, the stock is fairly priced at N240 each, considering fund managers and investor’s preference for consistent dividend, competent management to drive profitability and business model of the company

  2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Earnings Per Share 8.13 9.36 12.99 9.36 10.86
PE Ratio 12.67 12.45 17.71 16.30 13.99
Earnings Yield 7.89 8.03 5.65 6.13 7.15
Book Value 19.09 26.11 32.28 34.73 37.84
ROE      0.43 0.36 0.37 0.27 0.28
Profit Margin 53.37 48.59 52.10 40.73 36.82
Year End Dec Dec Dec Dec Dec

Source: Company Financial & Investdata Research 















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