The strategic business decision of the board and management of Vitafoam to expand capacity, brings the acquisition process of competitor- Vono Products to an end. Already, the process of integrating and thereafter delisting Vono Product from the official list of the Nigerian Stock Exchange is ongoing.

This is expected to boost and enhance the company’s performance in subsequent quarters, as its expansion drive to create value for shareholders has made it the first Nigeria Company to go into motor spare part production through one of its subsidies. This is fantastic a development for shareholders, especially when the effect is combined with current efforts to manage cost and improve profitability on the long run.  All these are likely to impact positively on the company’s bottom line at year-end and beyond, if properly executed.

The latest financials of Vitafoam is that for its first quarter ended December, 2015, which revealed an unimpressive performance in all financial indices for the period under consideration.  Turnover dropped marginally below that of the corresponding period of 2014, just as profit after tax fell by 19.73 percent from N134.77 million in 2014 to N108.18 million. Also, Earnings Per Share (EPS) decreased from 16 kobo in the previous first quarter to 11 kobo. The Return on Equity (ROE) stood at 2.88 percent, as against 3.85 percent in 2014.

The company’s profit margin is poor by all standard, despite the relative improvement in cost management to 2.40 percent from 2.86 percent in 2014. Also investors waiting period has increased to 9.77x, while book value was down to N3.82 from N4.23, as a result of the increase in outstanding shares in the same period a year ago.

COY 2014 2015 % Chg
(N) (N)
Date Released        August , 2015 March 17, 2016  
Turnover                   4,704,478,000 4,511,617,000 -4.10
Profit After Tax 134,766,000 108,179,000 -19.73
Shareholders’ Fund                   3,500,462,000 3,758,487,000 7.37
Earnings Per Share 0.16 0.11 -31.25
PE Ratio 8.49 9.77 15.08
Earnings Yield 2.94 2.56 -12.93
Book Value 4.27 3.82 -10.54
Price to Book Value 0.76 0.89 17.11
ROE 3.85 2.88 -25.19
Profit Margin 2.86 2.40 -16.08





Technical View

The price action of Vitafoam shows that the stock has been trending downward since September 19, 2015, after the management delayed the submission of its 2015 financial year end results. There was however an attempt to reverse the rend in November 2015, but soon continued its southward journey, even when the full year report finally hit the market due to a drop in dividend offered.

The strong reversal finally came after it concluded acquisition of Vono products and announced plans to begin motor spare parts production soon.

On daily time frame the stock is strong as it recently broke the N5.24 resistance line, due to long term positioning. At this point profit taking is imminent. Any NEW positioning should wait for pull back before jumping in.

Meanwhile, traders are likely to start cashing out, while investors are waiting for dividend.  RSI is currently at 78.92, and other indicators like stochastic oscillator and CCI are in the over bought region, while Money flow is signaling entrance of funds into the stock.




If the equity is considered on a book value basis one will rather conclude that the stock is currently overpriced and not attractive for traders now as its waiting period has increased at a price earnings ratio of 9.77x. In conclusion, each unit of Vitafoam is fairly priced at N4.00.

Analysts Opinion/Recommendation

The equity is good for dividend investors as it guarantees  annual returns, meanwhile, traders may not enjoy good margin in the equity probably in this financial year, especially as it tries to integrate the production process of Vono and especially when its loan exposure is put into consideration.

On the other hand, the management of Vitafoam needs to execute its strategic business plans with all existing subsidiaries to boost its performance, while utilising its modern research and development exposures.

Secondly, its should  curtailed its dependence on loan and rather opt for equity participation, strict strategies to cut running cost should be put in place so as to report improved financial in the current financial year.


Vitafoam Nigeria is a leading manufacturer of flexible foam, reconstituted foam and other household products. It has the largest foam manufacturing and distribution network which facilitates just-in-time delivery of products throughout Nigeria, with off-shore operations in Ghana and Sierra Leone.

The company was established on August 4, 1962 by British vita and Unilever and listed on the floor of the NSE in 1978. Vitafoam is currently Nigeria’s most prominent and leading producer of Polyether, foam products, furniture, upholstery products and adhesives. In 2010, it became a major shareholder of Vono Products and established two sister companies; Vitapur Nigeria (an insulations products manufacturing company) in the Oil & Gas industry and Vitablom (fibre processing and soft furnishing company). Finally in 2012, it established its youngest inclusion- Vitavisco for production and sales of Visco elastic foam and latex products.


Vitafoam Nigeria PLC
Share Holding Structure
Chief S.O. Bolarinde 12.59%
Other Nigerians and Associates 87.41%
Other Statistics
 Shares Outstanding (MN) 982,800,000
Opening Price (2015) 4.03
Close price ( 2015) 5.41
Opening Price ( 2016) 5.41
Current Price 5.42
Date Listed 1978
Year End 30th September


2015 Performances Analysis

In the period under consideration, the revenue witnessed a slight increase and the company’s  operating and finance expenses continued to grow. This reduced profitability and bottom-line for the year, with cost of sales pointing in the northward direction.

With all of these, the company was forced into cutting its dividend, the first in five years. It paid a dividend of 25 kobo per share to reflect the seeming decline in its earnings power for the period, which also represented 100 percent payout ratio as all its earnings for that was paid as dividend. First quarter EPS of 17 kobo moved to 42 kobo in second quarter, representing more than 147 per cent increase, while third quarter was 41 kobo, before declining at year-end to 25 kobo.

The company’s profit dropped at the end of 2015 despite the impressive scorecards in Q1 and Q2, but nose-dive in the other quarters, a situation that affected its payout. Turnover was up by 2.84 per cent to N17.19 billion while profit after tax declined by 42.83 per cent to N249.05 million.
The price performance for the year moved up and down to reflect the performance pattern of the earnings because EPS was up for Q1 and Q2 and subsequently dropped in Q3 and full year.   Price was down in the first quarter and rallied in the second and third quarter till September 2015 but trended down in Q1 and Q2 of 2016 financial year before the recent up trending.  On the long run, it is expected that earnings will drive price in the future when the company’s expansion and invention start yielding positive results.



Five Years Financial Figures of Vitafoam Plc
Company Figures
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Turnover 13,979,353,000 14,479,781,000 16,808,851,000 16,712,922,000 17,185,741,000
Profit After Tax 673,024,000 501,594,000 390,231,000    529,135,000 249,051,000
Net Assets 2,927,005,000 2,911,739,000 2,706,450,000 3,029,070,000 4,946,205,000
Dividend 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.25
Bonus       1;5  
Estimated Ratios  
EPS 0.82 0.61 0.50 0.53 0.25
Pay Out Ratio 36.51 48.98 59.88 46.15 100
PE/RATIO 6.43 6.24 7.62 8.23 21.35
E/YIELD 15.56 16.03 13.11 12.14 4.68
Price to Sales 0.31 0.22 0.19 0.26 0.93
BOOK VALUE 3.57 3.56 3.80 3.70 5.03
ROCE 22.99 17.23 13.19 17.00 5.04
PROFIT MARGIN 5.00 4.81 3.46 3.17 1.45
YEAR END September September September September September


Five-Year Financial Analysis.

An analysis of Vitafoam’s financials over the past five years revealed that management grew year-on-year revenue to 22.94 per cent CAGR from N13.98 billion in 2011 to N17.19 billion. Also, profitability level for the period was down by 63 per cent to N249.05 million from N673.01 million in 2011, with up and down movement for the period under review. The company’s earnings power has been inconsistent to reflect the cost headwind in its operations. When the latest figure of 2015 is compared to the reported profit, it resulted in a profit margin of 1.45 per cent. Meanwhile profit margins for the five years had nosedived on yearly basis which is an indication of increased costs cum tax during these periods.

In the same direction, shareholders’ fund for the period grew from N2.93 billion in 2011 to N4.95 billion, representing a rise of 68.94 per cent.

The growth recorded in the total equity of Vitafoam was impressive and have supported the book value which equally rose from N3.57 in 2011 to N5.03 in 2015.

The reverse is the case when the said growth is compared to investors’ response in terms of market price valuation/judgment as Vitafoam unit price on the floor of the Nigerian Stock Exchange continued to maintain up and down trending. This was however before the current rally propelled by the infusion of Vono Product, to push price above estimated fair value of N4.00 for the period. Similarly, retained earnings grew over the period, a situation that has supported the 100 percent payout ratio in dividend this years.


Estimated Performance Ratios

Vitafoam’s  earnings per share for the five-year period was on the decline to reflect the company’s earnings power, even as the additional shares arising from the bonus have  weakened Earnings Per Share (EPS) for the period under review. The amount earned per share moved from 82 kobo in 2011 to 25 kobo in 2015. The dwindling  earnings  and increase in share price within the period had elongate investors waiting period at 21.35x at the market value as at released date, after it had recorded a  P/E ratio of  6.45 times in 2011. Book value during the period grew from N3.57 to N5.03, indicating good margin of safety, considering the market price of the stock.
Other performance ratios remained relative with the up and down movement, but profit margin is still pointing at high cost of operations.  On the strength of the figures posted and dividend declared over the years, the stock is fairly priced at N4.00. The recent down-grading of its rating was due to dwindling earnings.



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